Madame Defarge is the wife of Ernest Defarge and is a tricoteuse.
She is seeking revenge on the Evremondes included Charles Darnay and his wife Lucie Manette for crimes that the prior generation of Evremondes had committed which was the killing of her family.
Madame Defarge owns a wine shop with her husband.
Madame Defarge’s knitting constitutes a whole network of symbols. Into her needlework she stitches a registry, or list of names, of all those condemned to die in the name of a new republic. But on a metaphoric level, the knitting constitutes a symbol in itself, representing the stealthy, cold-blooded vengefulness of the revolutionaries. As Madame Defarge sits quietly knitting, she appears harmless and quaint. In fact, however, she sentences her victims to death. Similarly, the French peasants may appear simple and humble figures, but they eventually rise up to massacre their oppressors.
Dickens’s knitting imagery also emphasizes an association between vengefulness and fate, which, in Greek mythology, is traditionally linked to knitting or weaving. The Fates, three sisters who control human life, busy themselves with the tasks of weavers or seamstresses: one sister spins the web of life, another measures it, and the last cuts it. Madame Defarge’s knitting thus becomes a symbol of her victims’ fate—death at the hands of a wrathful peasantry.
They were the leaders of the group and were tireless workers of the French Revolution.
Defarge and Madame Defarge serve as leaders among the mob. Once inside the Bastille, Defarge grabs a guard and demands to be taken to 105 North Tower. Defarge searches the cell. When he is finished, he rejoins the mob as it murders and mutilates the governor who had defended the fortress. Madame Defarge cuts off the man’s head
Madam Defarge is single minded in her zeal to have Charles Darnay executed.
Despite his proven innocence and her husbands loyalty and compassion to Dr. Mannette
Her desire for vengeance arouses because of the murder of her brother and brother in law and the torture of her family at the hands of the Marquis St. Evrémonde and his brother
She has so much hatred and anger that she wants to wipe out Darney’s entire family including the Mannettes
She is the book's clearest example of how the oppressed peasants became the oppressors during the Revolution.She affects the plot by the hate and anger towards Charles Darnay and The Mannettes
Madame Defarge is represented as evil in A Tale of Two Cities. She has a bad history which affects her character in a major way. Since both her brother and her sister were killed, this makes her the spiteful character she is against everybody. The only thing she wants is revenge towards everybody. This is unique because when she was first introduced, she was quiet and nice which contradicts her inner truth. Her knitting represents the ones who will die in the revolution and the ones that will live. Madame Defarge symbolizes evil or maybe even the revolution.
Wife of Ernest Defarge
Hates the Evrémonde Bloodline
She illuminates the theme of vengeance
with her knitting.
The Knitting shows how the townspeople are an unforeseen power
Like stated in the chapter where all the people are knitting instead of eating, it shows how they can band together and since madam Defarge is their leader she is the icon of vengeance.